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2016在職研究生同等學力申碩全國統考英語試卷

2018年01月18日    閱讀第次    

【字體:

Part I Oral Communication (10 points)

  Section A

  Directions:In this section there are two incomplete dialogues and each dialogue has three

  blanks and three choices A, B and C, taken from the dialogue. Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the dialogue and mark your answer on the Answer sheet.

  Dialogue One

  A.Will you take care of that for me?

  B.Does it have anything valuable inside?

  C.How do you want to send it?

  Clerk: May I help you?

  Customer: Yes, I’d like to send this letter to my family in England.

  Clerk: Did you write your return address on the envelope?

  Customer: Yes, I did.

  Clerk: ____1____

  Customer: I guess I’ll send it airmail.

  Clerk: ____2____

  Customer: Yes. I enclosed a check and some photographs.

  Clerk: Then you’d better send it by registered mail.

  Customer: That’s a good idea.___3____

  Clerk: I’m sorry, sir. You’ll have to take your letter to the next window.

  Dialogue Two

  A.You can’t even stay in the sun for five minutes.

  B.I guess so.

  C.You want my advice?

  Winne: Oh, man! Nobody can stand this kind of scorching heat.

  Marc: Absolutely! _____4_____

  Winne: Anyway, I guess this afternoon there’s nothing we can do but stay home.

  Marc: ____5_____ I don’t want to be taken to the hospital for heat exhaustion or something.

  Winne: ___6_____ Drink a lot of liquids and spare yourself the worst of the heat!

  Marc: Yean, you’re right. Got to drink a lot of fluids.

  Section B

  Directions:In this section there is one incomplete interview which has four blanks and four

  choices A, B ,C and D, taken from the interview. Fill in each of the blanks with one of the choices to complete the interview and mark your answer on the Answer sheet.

  A.I literally can’t stop.

  B.But now I don’t need to worry any more.

  C.You’re known as the first billionaire author here.

  D.But that’s not just about money.

  Interviewer: You have published six popular books. 7 Interviewee: Yeah.

  Interviewer: So how has being the first billionaire author affected your perception of yourself?

  Interviewee: I dress better. Well, you can definitely afford better clothes.8I think the

  single biggest thing that money gave me--and obviously I came from a place where I was a single mother and it really was hand to mouth at one point. It was literally as poor as you can get without being homeless at one point. 9 Never.

  Interviewer: Are you in a place now where you can accept that you will always be rich?

  Interviewee: No.

  Interviewer: And will you be writing more?

  Interviewee: Oh, definitely. I can’t, yeah,10Well, I mean, you could tie my hands to

  my sides, I suppose, but I have to write. For my own mental health, I need to write.

  Part II Vocabulary (10 points)

  Directions: In this part there are ten sentences, each with one word or phrase underlined. Choose

  the one from the four choices marked A, B, C and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  11.Such experience helps promote one’s alertness to other cultures, as well as a better appreciation of one’s own culture.

  A. preferenceB. adjustment

  C. sensitivityD. response

  12.If you always try to find fault with others, it means that you have gained another shortcoming.

  A.ignoreB. criticize

  C. impressD. follow

  13.The election will be brought forward to June as so many people are on holiday in July.

  A. prolongedB. adapted

  C. postponedD. advanced

  14.As to the question of refreshments, I should think orange juice and potato chips will be sufficient.

  A. enoughB. abundant

  C. satisfyingD. proper

  15.Watching these kids grow brings me satisfaction that is difficult to surpass.

  A.obtainB. exceed

  C. describeD. forget

  16.The journal published a series of articles that reviewed the prospects for a new era of “genetic 16.

  medicine”.

  A. backgroundB. exploration

  C. surveyD. outlook

  17.If you don’t slow down and take a break, you’ll be burned out very quickly.

  A.distressedB. anxious

  C. exhaustedD. upset

  18.Following our merging with Smith Brothers, the new company will, from now on be known as Smith and Murphy Inc.

  A. cooperationB. meeting

  C. agreementD. combination

  19.Only native-born citizens are eligible for the U.S. Presidency.

  A.requiredB. qualified

  C. selectedD. elected

  20.It was 38 degrees and the air conditioning barely cooled the room.

  A.simplyB. quickly

  C. hardlyD. strongly

  Part III Reading Comprehension (25 points)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements,

  each with four suggested answers A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage One

  What did you study at university? If it was something along the lines of law or business, you might want to look away now. That's because according to new research, which has found a link between our university subjects and our personalities, you have selfish, uncooperative tendencies and are not very in touch with your feelings. On the plus side, you're probably the life and soul of a party, the findings suggest.

  Researchers analyzed data from more than 13,000 university students who were involved in 12 separate studies. From this, they discovered a correlation between the “Big Five” major personality traits and the subjects they were enrolled on.

  For example, those studying law, economics, political science and medicine tended to be much more outgoing than those taking other subjects, the study found. But when it came to “agreeableness” -- the tendency towards being helpful, generous and considerate -- the lawyers scored particularly low, as did business and economics students.

  Arts and humanities students, as well as those studying psychology and politics scored highly for openness, meaning they were curious, imaginative and in touch with their inner feelings, while economists, engineers, lawyers and scientists scored comparatively low. However, the arts and humanities students also tended to be less conscientious and more nervous, typically exhibiting signs of anxiety and moodiness. Psychology students were not far behind arts and humanities students for these traits.

  Study author Anna Vedel, from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, said she was surprised by the magnitude of the results. “The effect sizes show that the differences found are not trivial, far from,” she said. “On the more humorous side they do confirm our more or less prejudicial stereotypes of the disturbed psychologist, the withdrawn natural scientist, the cynical economist.”

  And she said that the findings could help those school pupils who currently have no idea what to study at university, as well as helping academics to plan their lectures. “I’m not arguing that these results should play a major role in either guidance or selection, but it might provide some inspiration for students that are in doubt about study choices and want to make a choice based on more than abilities, for example,” said Dr Vedel. “Or teachers might better understand their student population.”

  21.The first paragraph implies that law or business students may _______.

  A.be amused by the research

  B.be interested in the research

  C.dislike the research

  D.enjoy the research

  22.According to the research, law students scored particularly low in the trait of _______.

  A. generosityB. opennessC. anxiety D. selfishness

  23. The word “conscientious” (Para. 4) probably means “________”.

  A. moodyB. sensitiveC. curiousD. careful

  24.Anna Vedel stated that the research _______.

  A. confirmed the link between personality and profession

  B.showed that the differences were far from significant

  C.was not reliable because of its prejudicial observation

  D.did not have enough samples to support its findings

  25.According to Anna Vedel, the research may help ______.

  A.students make wise choices in finding jobs

  B.teachers understand their students better

  C.students make presentations more academically

  D.school pupils go to better universities

  Passage Two

  AlphaGo’s victory over Go( 圍棋 )champion Lee Se-dol reportedly shocked artificial intelligence experts, who thought such an event was 10 to 15 years away. But if the timing was a surprise, the outcome was not. On the contrary, it was inevitable and entirely foreseeable.

  Playing complex games is precisely what computers do supremely well. Just as they beat the world champions at checkers(跳棋)and then chess, they were destined to beat the champion at Go. Yet I don’t believe, as some do, that human defeats like this one presage an era of mass unemployment in which awesomely able computers leave most of us with nothing to do. Advancing technology will profoundly change the nature of high-value human skills and that is threatening, but we aren’t doomed.

  The skills of deep human interaction, the abilities to manage the exchanges that occur only between people, will only become more valuable. Three of these skills stand out: The first, the foundation of the rest, is empathy, which is more than just feeling someone else’s pain. It’s the ability to perceive what another person is thinking or feeling, and to respond in an appropriate way.

  The second is creative problem-solving in groups. Research on group effectiveness shows that the key isn’t team cohesion or motivation or even the smartest member’s IQ; rather, it’s the social sensitivity of the members, their ability to read one another and keep anyone from dominating.

  The third critical ability, somewhat surprisingly, is storytelling, which has not traditionally been valued by organizations. Charts, graphs and data analysis will continue to be important, but that’s exactly what technology does so well. To change people’s minds or inspire them to act, tell them a story.

  These skills, though basic to our humanity, are fundamentally different from the skills that have been the basis of economic progress for most of human history, logic, knowledge and analysis, which we learned from textbooks and in classrooms. By contrast, the skills of deep human interaction address the often irrational reality of how human beings behave, and we find them not in textbooks but inside ourselves. As computers master ever more complexity, that’s where we’ll find the source of our continued value.

  26. According to the author, AlphaGo’s victory_____.

  A.could have happened earlier

  B.came as a pleasant surprise

  C.was an expected result

  D.was more a matter of luck

  27.The word “presage”(Para. 2) is closest in meaning to“ _____”.

  A. surviveB. sufferC. inventD. predict

  28.What is the author’s attitude towards the human future in the face of technology?

  A.UnclearB. ConfusedC. WorriedD. Optimistic

  29.Which of the following is the most fundamental to human interaction?

  A. Social sensitivity of group members to understand each other.

  B.Strong ability to share people’s feelings and respond.

  C.Team spirit to make sure that everyone is involved.

  D.Inspirational storytelling to motivate people to act.

  30.According to the author, the skills of deep human interaction .

  A.are the source of true human values in the future

  B.can work with knowledge to make the world better

  C.are similar to the skills of human logic and analysis

  D.can be learned from textbooks and in classrooms

  Passage Three

  Last year, I went WWOOFing (Willing Workers on Organic Farms) at a beautiful organic farm in La Réunion. With WWOOFing, volunteers exchange their time and work for food and accommodation. I slept in a cabin in the woods with hedgehogs(刺猬) digging about in the bushes, all different coloured birds singing in the morning and endless rows of palm trees offering shade from the sun.

  For me, one of the best ways to get to know a new place is to work with the land, live with the locals and share meals together. This is why I absolutely love WWOOFing. It has got to be one of the best ways to travel. It is a mutually beneficial exchange where everyone involved prioritises people and environment above profit. You get the time and space to deepen a connection with local communities and nature.

  There is a lot to learn and each farm has its own unique way of doing things, depending on the environment, climate and soil. At the farm in La Réunion we planted palm trees to harvest the core of the trunk which can be eaten in salads. Before staying with the farm I had only eaten heart of palm from cans which were nothing in comparison to the real thing, fresh from the ground. When potting up the very beginnings of the palm trees, I felt grateful to be a part of the start of the trees' cycle. I was filled with awe that something so small could grow into something so big and strong.

  We also did lots of weeding, which helped me to get to know all kinds of different plants, to be able to identify which ones we could use as herbs/medicine/in salads and which were seen as uneatable. I also got to harvest pineapples and guava fruit(番石榴) to make jams which will be sold at the local market.

  Of course, not everyone is able to travel far away into the field. The great thing about the skill-share philosophy behind WWOOFing is that it’s something we can all do from our own backyard. The focus shifts from money to how we can best support each other in our communities.

  A fair exchange can make a big difference in the world.

  31.WWOOFing enables volunteers to ________.

  A.get food and shelter for their work

  B.travel around La Réunion for free

  C.tell the differences between various birds

  D.have close contact with wild animals

  32.The author found his farm life in La Réunion quite ______

  A. awfulB. rewardingC. comfortableD. difficult

  33.The author did all of the following on the organic farm EXCEPT _______.

  A.removing weeds

  B.planting palm trees

  C.harvesting fruits

  D.collecting vegetables

  34.The philosophy of WWOOFing is to _______

  A.improve local environment

  B.make locals live better

  C.unite different communities

  D.advocate a fair exchange

  35.This passage is mainly about _____A. the development of WWOOFing

  B.a local WWOOFing community

  C.a charming WWOOFing experience

  D.the system of WWOOFing

  Passage Four

  Experts say distracted walking is a growing problem, as people of all ages become more dependent on electronic devices for personal and professional matters. They also note pedestrian deaths have been rising in recent years. In 2005, 11% of all US deaths involved pedestrians, but that number rose to 15% in 2014.

  The rise in deaths coincides with states introducing bills that target pedestrians. Some states, such as Hawaii, Arkansas, Illinois, Nevada and New York, continue to introduce legislation every year.

  The measure recently introduced by New Jersey assembly woman Pamela Lampitt would ban walking while texting and prohibit pedestrians on public roads from using electronic communication devices unless they are hands-free. Violators would face fines of up to $50, 15-day imprisonment or both, which is the same penalty as jaywalking(亂穿馬路). Half of the fine would be allocated to safety education about the dangers of walking while texting, said Lampit.

  Some see the proposal as an unnecessary government overreach, while others say they understand Lampitt's reasoning. But most agree that people need to be made aware of the issue. "Distracted pedestrians, like distracted drivers, present a potential danger to themselves and drivers on the road," Lampitt said. "An individual crossing the road distracted by their smartphone presents just as much danger to motorists as someone jaywalking and should be held, at minimum, to the same penalty."

  The main question raised about the measure, though, is whether it can be enforced consistently by police officers who usually have more pressing matters to deal with. Some feel that rather than imposing a new law, the state should focus on distracted-walking education. Lampitt said the measure is needed to stop and penalize "risky behavior." She cited a National Safety Council report that showed distracted-walking incidents involving cellphones accounted for an estimated 11,101 injuries from 2000 through 2011.

  The study found a majority of those injured were female and most were 40 or younger. Talking on the phone was the most prevalent activity at the time of injury, while texting accounted for 12%. Nearly 80% of the injuries occurred as the result of a fall, while 9% occurred from the pedestrian striking a motionless object.

  36.This passage is mainly concerned with _____

  A.the difficulty in enforcing road regulations

  B.rising deaths caused by distracted walking

  C.the dangers of jaywalking on busy streets

  D.distracted walking involving smartphones

  37.The states introducing bills that target pedestrians ________.

  A.have benefited from the bills

  B.find it hard to carry them out

  C.have been promoting the legislation

  D.will have fewer deaths of pedestrians

  38.According to the measure proposed by Lampitt, walking while texting would ______.

  A.become illegal

  B.involve safety education

  C.be blamed publicly

  D.incur a fine of over $50

  39.Lampitt reasons that distracted pedestrians are as dangerous as ________.

  A.motorists

  B.speeding drivers

  C.jaywalkers

  D.drunk drivers

  40.Which of the following would the author of the passage most probably agree with?

  A. Males are more vulnerable to distracted-walking injures.

  B.Police officers are unhappy with the proposed law.

  C.Safety education is more important than penalty.

  D.Rising distracted-walking incidents call for real attention.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you are required to read one quoted blog and the comments on it. The blog and comments are followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answer A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  The saying “Clothes Make the Man” dates back some 400 years and it refers to the fact that when people see a well-dressed person, they assume that person is a professional, capable, and (especially in the old days) rich. Therefore, you had to dress like how you wanted to be perceived, what you wanted to eventually achieve. Fast forward 400 years, lots of folks still think the same way. But does it really make a difference?

  I happen to be one of those who do not put faith in the old saying. I suppose I might be in the minority but I am a member of an elite club with the likes of Steve Jobs and Bill Gates in my camp.

  Perception is not reality; perception is halfway to discovering reality. Perception is drawn from our own impressions, our own belief systems. Is it powerful and influential? Absolutely! Is it all that it seems? Less often than you think. How many times have you cast an initial judgment only to surprise yourself later and learn how you missed out on a great opportunity, person or idea?

  Comment 1

  In the present era, many associate the well-dressed with being the most successful. It took folks in the business world a long time to overlook the way Steve Jobs wore jeans on the public stage. I did not know Mr. Jobs, though I wish I had. I have heard it said that he invented the concept of “business casual.” In my mind that is as much a matter of self-confidence as it is a matter of taste in clothing.

  Comment 2

  You are wrong about Steve Jobs. He certainly did care about how he was perceived and his appearance was very much calculated to achieve his desired effect. From his early formal business clothing down to the aggressive casualness of his eventual black turtle neck and jeans uniform, his clothes and the impact they made were clearly foremost in his mind.

  Comment 3

  It reminds me of the story about the philosopher who goes to a formal dinner party in jeans. When asked if he felt out of place because of his clothes, he looked around and said he hadn’t noticed.

  41.Which of the following might the writer of the passage agree with?

  A. Steve Jobs and Bill Gates dress formally.

  B.We should not judge a person by his clothing.

  C.It is clothes that make the man.

  D.The well-dressed are most likely to succeed.

  42.According to the writer of the passage, perception ______.

  A.might prove wrong

  B.is powerful and reliable

  C.is half reality

  D.might be worthless to us

  43.The writer of Comment 1 seems to ______.

  A.dislike the way Steve Jobs dressed for business occasions

  B.suggest that business people have no taste in clothing

  C.believe that the well-dressed are the most successful

  D. think that Steve Jobs’ casualness reflected his self-confidence

  44.Speaking of Steve Jobs, the writer of Comment 2 ________.

  A.points out that Steve Jobs was a very aggressive person

  B.suggests that he and Steve Jobs used to be in the same club

  C.holds the same view as the writer of the passage

  D.thinks Steve Jobs’ casualness was carefully thought out

  45.When he went to the dinner party in jeans (Comment 3), the philosopher _______

  A.thought that people liked his clothes

  B.was not aware of how his clothes looked

  C.felt quite embarrassed

  D.considered himself out of place

  Part IV Cloze (10 points)

  Directions: In this part, there is a passage with ten blanks. For each blank there are four choices

  marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer for each blank and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  The history of transportation is very long and full of changes and inventions. It starts ___46__ walking, which is not any invention; it just takes energy. People used to walk to get to other places. If you wanted to get somewhere quickly, the __47___way to do that was to run . Actually, the first invention for the transportation __48__ was the shoe. Centuries ago there were no shoes, and people walked barefoot.

  Then people invented ___49__ to transport themselves and materials from one place to another. In some cultures, people invented sledges(雪橇), ___50__ are a kind of board that you drag along the ground. You can tie things on the sledges to help carry them, but it’s a challenging invention ___51__ if you hit a rock with the sledges as you pull it, the contents can ___52___. In other cultures, people invented the wheels, which they used to make it easier to move things---and people. That was the beginning of many innovations in transportation.

  ___53___ people had wheels they could invent other ways to travel. They could put the wheels on a board and make it a wagon, and then they could ___54__ that wagon to an ox or a horse and ride as well as carry materials. That wheel led to __55___ we have today: trucks, automobiles, and even boats and planes. For example, there were steamboats that used giant wheels that turned with blades, pushing the water and pushing the boat forward.

  A. onB. atC. forD. with

  A. possibleB. onlyC. oneD. just

  A. probablyB. luckilyC. reallyD. formerly

  49.A. methodsB. channelsC. waysD. measures

  50.A. whatB. whenC. whereD. which

  51.A. unlessB. butC. evenD. since

  52.A. pull outB. slip offC. hold downD. put down

  53.A. OnceB. ThenC. HoweverD. Yet

  54.A. stickB. makeC. fastenD. change

  55.A. whatB. thatC. whichD. how

  Part V Text Completion(20 points)

  Directions: In this part, there are three incomplete texts with 20 questions (Ranging from 56 to 75).Above each text there are three or four phrases to be completed .First, use the choices provided in the box to complete the phrases. Second, use the completed phrases to fill in the blanks of the text. Mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Text One

  A.many

  B.choose

  C.think of

  D. ways of

  Phrases:

  A.56only one language

  B.57any reason not to

  C.in58different ways

  D.the most boring59seeing the world

  I think every language has a certain way of seeing the world. Each is a whole different world – a whole different mindsets. I couldn’t possibly60because it would mean really giving up the possibility to be able to see the world. So the monolingual lifestyle, for me, is the saddest, the loneliest,62. There are so many advantages of learning a language; I really can’t63.

  Text Two

  A.known

  B.idea

  C.feel

  Phrases:

  A.but it may64like forever

  B.a person may have no65what is wrong

  C.what is66as panic disorder

  A panic attack is a sudden feeling of terror. Usually it does not last long, __67__. The cause can be something as normally uneventful at driving over a bridge or flying in an airplane. And it can happen even if the person has driven over many bridges or flown many times before. A fast heartbeat. Sweaty hands. Difficulty breathing. A lightheaded feeling. At first __68___. But these can all be signs of ___69____. The first appearance usually is between the ages of eighteen and twenty-four. 1n some cases it develops after a tragedy. Like the death of a loved one, or some other difficult situation.

  Text Three

  A.lights

  B.protect

  C. in the dark

  Phrases:

  A.sit at home70

  B.turn off all non-essential71

  C.passed a law to

  I’m a big fan of trying to save the environment, and this month is the WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) annual Earth Hour. Earth Hour is an event where you 73 and power between 8-9 pm, things like your TV and computer. However, you don’t just 74 for an hour. Instead, people gather in groups and have fun without using power. Things like dancing, fireworks and musical performances are popular and it’s very fun to take part. Earth Hour isn’t just about saving energy; people involved in Earth Hour have also planted a forest in Uganda, built75
 

2016年同等學力申碩英語答案解析 

  1.本題選 C

  解析:根據第 1 題空格下面一行顧客說“我想我會用航空郵件寄”可以推斷店員在問郵寄方式。故本題選 C。

  2.本題選 B

  解析:根據第 2 題下方顧客回答“是的。我附了一張支票和一些照片”可以推斷店員詢問的是信內物品。只有 B 選項符合。故本題選 B。

  3.本題選 A

  解析:根據最后店員回答“抱歉,先生。你得帶著你的信到下一個窗口”??芍櫩驮儐柺欠衲軌蛟谠翱谔幚?。故本題選 A。

  4.本題選 A

  解析:根據 Winne 說的“沒人能夠忍受這樣的炎熱”和 Marc 回答的 Absolutely 可知第 4 題仍應為炎熱的話題。故本題選 A。

  5.本題選 B

  解析:根據第 5 題后面“我不想因為中暑或什么事被送進醫院”可知 Marc 同意上面 Winne 的觀點。故本題選 B。

  6.本題選 C

  解析:根據最后 Marc 的回答“對,你是對的。必須喝大量的水”可知 Winne 在上面對話中給出了意見。故本題選 C。

  7.本題選 C

  解析:根據對話第三行 Interviewer 的話“成為首位身價億萬的作家如何影響你對自己的看法?”可知,四個選擇中只有C 選項提到 the first billionaire author,故本題選 C。 

  8.本題選 D

  解析:根據第 8 題空格后的描述,講到金錢以及受訪者的家庭狀況(單親家庭,勉強糊口)。故這里應該選擇 D 選項,與金錢有關,但不單單只是金錢。故本題選 D。 

  9.本題選 B

  解析:根據第 9 題空格前的“除了沒有無家可歸之外一貧如洗”和空格后的 Never,可知這里應該是一個轉折,選項中只有 B“但是現在我再也不用擔心了”相符。故本題選 B。 

  10.本題選 A

  解析:根據 Interviewer 最后一個問題“你還會繼續寫作嗎?” 可知這里是回答是否會繼續寫作以及原因,并且第 10 題空格前出現“I can’t,…”。選項中 A 與問句相符。故本題選 A。

  11.本題選 C

  解析:preference 是“傾向,偏愛”;adjustment 是“調整,調節”;sensitivity 是“敏感,靈敏度”;response 是“反應”。劃線單詞 alertness 是“機敏”的意思,與 sensitivity 相近,故本題選 C。 

  句意:這樣的經驗有助于提升一個人對其他文化的敏感度,同時也加深對自己文化的認識。

  12.本題選 B

  解析:ignore 是“忽視”;criticize 是“批評”;impress 是“給人印象”;follow 是“跟隨”。劃線短語 find fault with 是“批評,挑剔”的意思,與 criticize 的意思相近,故本題選 B。句意:如果你總是想批評別人,這意味著你已經有了另一個缺點。

  13.本題選 D

  解析:prolong 是“拖延”;adapt 是“適應”;postpone 是“使… 延期”;advance 是“將…提前”。劃線短語 bring forward 是 “提前”的意思,與 advance 的意思相近,故本題選 D。句意:選舉將提前到六月,因為很多人七月份休假。

  14.本題選 A

  解析:enough 是“足夠的”;abundant 是“豐富的”;satisfying 是“令人滿意的”;proper 是“適當的”。劃線單詞 sufficient 是“足夠的”意思,與 enough 意思相近,故答案選 A。句意:關于點心的問題,我認為橙汁和薯片是足夠的。

  15.本題選B

  解析:obtain 是“獲得”;exceed 是“超過”;describe 是“描述”;forget 是“忘記”。劃線單詞 surpass 是“超過”的意思,與 exceed 意思相近,故答案選 B。句意:看著這些孩子成長會帶給我難以逾越的滿足感。 

  16.本題選 D

  解析:background 是“背景”;exploration 是“探索”;survey 是“調查”;outlook 是“前景”。劃線單詞 prospect 是“前景,展望”的意思,與 outlook 意思相近,故答案選 D。句意:該期刊刊登了一系列文章,回顧了“遺傳醫學”新時代的前景。

  17.本題選 C

  解析:distressed 是“痛苦的,憂慮的”;anxious 是“焦慮的”; exhausted 是“疲憊的”;upset 是“難過的”。劃線短語 burn out 是“精疲力竭的”,與 exhausted 意思相近,故答案選 C。句意:如果你不慢下來歇口氣,你很快會精疲力盡。

  18.本題選 D

  解析:cooperation 是“合作,協作”;meeting 是“會見”; agreement 是“同意”;combination 是“結合”。劃線單詞 merge 是“合并,結合”的意思,與 combination 意思相近,故答案選 D。

  句意:隨著我們與史密斯兄弟公司的合并,從現在起,新公司將變成史密斯-墨菲股份有限公司。

  19.本題選 B

  解析:required 是“必須的”;qualified 是“有資格的”;selected 是“挑選出來的”;elected 是“選舉的”。劃線單詞 eligible 是“符合條件的”意思,與 qualified 意思相近,故答案選 B。句意:只有土生土長的公民才有資格競選美國總統。

  20.本題選C

  解析:simply 是“簡單地,僅僅”;quickly 是“迅速地”;hardly 是“幾乎不”;strongly 是“強有力地”。劃線單詞 barely 是 “幾乎不”的意思,與 hardly 意思相近,故答案選 C。句意:氣溫 38 度,空調難以使屋子冷卻下來。

  21.本題選C

  解析:推斷題。題干問:“從第一段可以推斷出學法律和商科的學生可能....”選項中都出現了 research 調查,可知題干問的是法律和商科學生對這項調查的看法。定位信息到文章第一二句:What did you study at university? If it was something along the lines of law or business, you might want to look away now,本句譯為:你在大學學什么?如果是法律,商科之類的東西,那么你可能現在想把視線移開(不想看)。關鍵詞“look away ”譯為“將視線從...移開,不再看....”由此推斷,學法律和商科的學生可能不喜歡這項調查研究。故答案選 C。

  22.本題選 A

  解析:細節題。題干是問:“根據調查,學法律的學生在...特征上面得分明顯很低?!鳖}干關鍵詞是“ particularly low”,定位信息于第三段 when it came to “agreeableness” -- the tendency towards being helpful, generous and considerate -- the lawyers scored particularly low, A 項 generosity 對應的是原文中 generous,譯為慷慨,大方。B 項的 openness 是一個迷惑選項,出現在第四段 for openness, meaning they were curious, imaginative and in touch with their inner feelings, while economists, engineers, lawyers and scientists scored comparatively low.這里需要注意的是,學法律的學生在 openness 這方面得分是相對較低 comparatively low,而題干問的是“ particularly low 尤其低,非常低”,故 B 項不正確; C 項的 anxiety 說的是藝術和人文學科的學生,對應第四段原文 the arts and humanities students also tended to be less conscientious and more nervous, typically exhibiting signs of anxiety and moodiness. D 項 selfishness 在文中第一段就提到 “you have selfish, uncooperative tendencies ”這是學法律學生的特征,所以得分應該是很高的。故答案選 A。

  23.本題選 D

  解析:“conscientious”是“認真負責,謹慎的”,A 項 moody 是“喜怒無常的”;B 項 sensitive 是“敏感的”;C 項 curious 是“好奇的” D 項 careful 是“認真細心的,辦事周到的”,與 conscientious 意思最為相近,故答案選 D。

  24.本題選 A

  解析:細節題。根據 Anna Vedel 定位信息于第五、六段。第五段 The effect sizes show that the differences found are not trivial, far from 中 trivial 譯為“微不足道的,不重要的”not trivial 則是“重要的,值得注意的”,而 B 項中 significant 譯為“重要的”但其前面有 far from“遠離”,那么 far from significant 則譯為“不重要的”,和原文意思相反。從第六段中 help those school pupils who currently have no idea what to study at university....but it might provide some inspiration for students that are in doubt about study choices... 可以知道這個調查能夠給那些比較迷惑的學生在選擇專業方面提供一些幫助,可以根據前文中所提到的不同性格來選擇專業,也就是 B 項:“調查確定了性格與專業之間的聯系”。C、D 項 Anna Vedel 并沒有提及。故答案選 A。

  25.本題選 B.

  解析:細節題。題干問的是根據 Anna Vedel 所言,這個調查可能幫助... ;定位至文章第六段,A 項:幫助學生在找工作方面做出明智選擇,文章講的是為學生在選擇專業方面提供一些幫助;C 項:幫助學生作出更有學術性的報告。而原文中 helping academics to plan their lectures“幫助大學教師安排他們的講座”,“academics”是指大學教師。所以 C 項和原文不符。D 項:幫助學生上更好的大學。文章第六段中講的是在學生選擇專業方面提供幫助,而不是上更好的大學。B 項對應文章最后一句話“teachers might better understand their student population.”也就是幫助老師更好的了解學生。故答案選 B.

  26. 本題選 C

  解析:推斷題。根據文章第一段最后 2 句“But if the timing was a surprise, the outcome was not. On the contrary, it was inevitable and entirely foreseeable.”可知作者認為阿爾法 Go 獲勝的這一結果并不意外,完全可以預見。C 項為“是可以預測的結果”,與作者的觀點一致;A 為“應該早一點發生”; B 為“是一個令人愉快的意外”;D 為“是運氣使然”,均與作者的觀點不一致。故答案選 C。

  27.本題選 D

  解析:詞義題。根據題目中的 presage 定位至文章第二段對應位置“presage an era of”,era 意為“時代”。意為“預示了這樣一個時代”。presage 意為“預示,預測”。D 項 predict 為“預測,預示”,與 presage 意思相近;A 項 survive 為“幸存”,B 項 suffer 為“遭受,忍受”;C 項 invent 為“發明,創造”。故答案選 D。

  28.本題選 D

  解析:態度題。作者在第二段已明確表明自己的觀點:Yet I don’t believe, as some do, that human defeats like this one presage an era of mass unemployment in which awesomely able computers … and that is threatening, but we aren’t doomed.,可知作者不贊同人們對于計算機將代替人類這一觀點,并且認為先進的技術雖然對人類的未來存在著威脅,但并不注定人類將會被打敗。此外整篇文章作者都在表明人類的許多特質和價值是計算機所不能代替的。例如在文章的第三四五段,作者分別列舉出了三點人類所特有的技能,表明了人類在面臨科技發展,仍然具有不可取代的價值。意即作者對人類的未來抱有一種積極樂觀的態度,故答案選 D。A 項 Unclear 不明確的;B.項 Confused 迷惑的;C.項 Worried 著急的,擔憂的;D 項 Optimistic 樂觀的。

  29.本題選 B

  解析:細節題。根據題目中的 fundamental 定位至文章第三段對應位置“the foundation of the rest, is empathy, which is more than just feeling someone else’s pain. It’s the ability to perceive what another person is thinking or feeling, and to respond in an appropriate way. (最基本的是共鳴,即對他人的痛苦感同身受,這是一種理解他人所想所感,并且能以適當的方式回應的能力)”??芍?B 項“分擔他人感受并予以回應的強大能力”是人際互動最基本的,故答案選 B。A 選項在文章第四段,即第二段技能中出現,D 選項在第五段,即第三項技能中出現,但均不是題干中所問的 the most fundamental。C 選項文章沒有提及。

  30.本題選 A

  解析:細節題。題干問的是,在作者看來,深入的人際互動的技能 _____. 由文章最后一句 that’s where we’ll find the source of our continued value,由此可知 A 項“在未來,是人類真正價值所在的來源”是正確選項。本題 C 項“與人類的邏輯與分析能力相似”;D 項“可以從書本和課堂學習到”與原文不符;B 項文中沒有提及,故答案選 A。

  31.本題選 A

  解析:細節題。根據題干定位到第一段第二句,With WWOOFing, volunteers exchange their time and work for food and accommodation.(參加 WWOOFing,志愿者們可以通過交換時間和工作來換取食、宿),所以 A 項正確;B 項“免費環游 La Réunion”文中沒有涉及;C 項“找出各種鳥類之間的差異”文中沒有涉及,第一段第三句只講到“all different coloured birds singing in the morning”(各種顏色鮮艷的鳥兒在早晨唱歌);D 項“與野生動物親密接觸”,文中沒有涉及,第一段第三句只講到“I slept in a cabin in the woods with hedgehogs(刺猬) digging about in the bushes”我睡在林中小屋,(附近有)刺猬在灌木叢中挖洞,故答案選 A。

  32.本題選 B

  解析:推斷題。根據題干定位到第三段,第四句講到, I felt grateful to be a part of the start of the trees' cycle.(我對能參與樹木周期最開始的部分滿懷感激);第五句講到,I was filled with awe that something so small could grow into something so big and strong(我對小樹苗能夠長成參天大樹充滿著敬畏);

  第四段講到,We also did lots of weeding, which helped me to get to know all kinds of different plants, to be able to identify which ones we could use as herbs/medicine/in salads and which were seen as uneatable(我們也做了大量的除草工作,這幫助我了解各種不同的植物,并且能夠識別哪些可以用制作草藥沙拉,哪些是不能吃的。);第二段第三、四句講到,This is why I absolutely love WWOOFing. (這就是我為什么非常喜歡 WWOOFing 的原因); It has got to be one of the best ways to travel(它是最好的旅行方式之一);It is a mutually beneficial exchange (這是一種互惠互利的交換方式),綜合以上,故答案選 B。

  33. 本題選 D

  解析:細節題。根據題干定位至第三、四段,第三段第二句講到,At the farm in La Réunion we planted palm trees to harvest the core of the trunk which can be eaten in salads(在 La Réunion 農場,我們種植棕櫚樹以獲得它的汁水拌沙拉吃),所以 B 項正確;第四段第一句講到,We also did lots of weeding(我們也做了很多的除草工作),所以 A 項正確;第二句講到,I also got to harvest pineapples and guava fruit to make jams which will be sold at the local market(我也收獲了菠蘿和番石榴,以制作在當地市場出售的甜醬。),所以 C 項正確。故答案選 D。

  34.本題選 D

  解析:細節題。根據題干的 philosophy of WWOOFing 定位到第五段,第二句講到 The great thing about the skill-share philosophy behind WWOOFing is that it’s something we can all do from our own backyard. (WWOOFing 背后折射出的技能分享哲學的偉大之處在于這些東西我們都可以從自己的后院制作出來),第三句講到,The focus shifts from money to how we can best support each other in our communities. (重點從金錢轉變為如何最好地在我們的社區中互相支持。),第四句講到,A fair exchange can make a big difference in the world.(一個公平的交換可以使這個世界大不同),由此可知,答案選 D。

  35.本題選 C

  解析:主旨題。根據題干定位到第一段,第一句講到 Last year,I went WWOOFing (Willing Workers on Organic Farms) at a beautiful organic farm in the south of La Réunion.(去年,我參加了在 La Réunion 南邊一個漂亮的有機農場的WWOOFing);第三段和第四段講到作者在此次 WWOOFing 所經歷過以及學到的東西;最后一段講到通過這次WWOOFing,作者指出“WWOOFing 背后折射出的技能分享哲學的意義”,所以 A 項“WWOOFing 的發展”;B 項“一個本土化的 WWOOFing 社區”;D 項“WWOOFing 的系統” 均沒有涉及,綜合以上,故答案選 C。

  36.本題選 B

  解析:主旨題。題干問的是此篇文章主要關注_______。從文章第一段 Experts say distracted walking is a growing problem, ........ They also note pedestrian deaths have been rising in recent years.中可以得知。 B 項 rising deaths caused by distracted walking 為正確選項。A 項 the difficulty in enforcing road regulations 實施道路管制的困難,C 項 the dangers of jaywalking on busy streets 在繁忙街道上亂穿馬路的危險和 D 項 distracted walking involving smartphones 忙于智能電話的走路分神都不是文章主要討論的主題

  37.本題選 C

  解析:推斷題。文章第二段說到 The rise in deaths coincides with states introducing bills that target pedestrians. Some states,……continue to introduce legislation every year.一些國家每年都會繼續推行實施法規??赏茢喑?C 項 have been promoting the legislation 為正確選項

  38.本題選 A

  解析:細節題。文章第三段 Violators would face fines of up to $50, 15-day imprisonment or both, which is the same penalty as jaywalking(亂穿馬路).提到違者將會罰款最高 50 美元,或者 15 天監禁,或者罰款監禁一同進行,可知 A 項 become illegal 為正確選項。D 項. incur a fine of over $50over 超過,是錯誤選項。

  39.本題選 C

  解析:細節題。從第四段"An individual crossing the road distracted by their smartphone presents just as much danger to motorists as someone jaywalking and should be held, at minimum, to the same penalty."對開車的人來說,分神看智能手機的過路行人和那些亂穿馬路的人對開車者所帶來的危險是一樣的,這些人至少應該受到同樣的處罰。因此 C 為正確選項

  40.本題選 D

  解析:態度題。從整篇文章以及第四段 Some see the proposal as an unnecessary government overreach, while others say they understand Lampitt's reasoning. But most agree that people need to be made aware of the issue. 的觀點可知, D 項 Rising distracted-walking incidents call for real attention.為作者的觀點。

  41.本題選 B

  解析:題干問的是:下面是個選項中,哪個是作者贊同的。文章第一段,作者先引出了整篇博客的討論主題—一個人的著裝反映出他的身份、地位等。先說了其他人的觀點:大多數人認為好的著裝體現出穿衣人的成功、地位等,但是,關鍵詞在于第一段最后一句的“But”,博主在此筆鋒一轉,以一個一般疑問句對大多數人認為的觀點提出質疑。第二、三段,博主表現了自己的觀點,他不覺得一個人的著裝能夠反映他的身份,故 B 選項“我們不能根據著裝來判斷一個人” 正確。A 選項“喬布斯和比爾蓋茨穿著很正式”,與博主的觀點相反,博主在第二段舉出這兩個人例子,就是為了證明自己的觀點,他認為喬布斯和比爾蓋茨穿著是隨意的,因此 A 選項錯誤;C 選項“確實是服裝成就了人類”和 D 選項“穿著得體的人很可能成功”是多數人的觀點,并非是作者的觀點。

  42.本題選 A

  解析:根據“perception 觀念;看法”定位到文章第三段。根據“ Perception is not reality; perception is halfway to discovering reality. Is it powerful and influential? Absolutely! 觀念不是事實,它是通往發現事實道路的中途。觀念強大而有影響嗎?當然!”可知觀念是通往發現事實道路的中途,故 C 選項“觀念是部分事實”錯誤;第三段后文中說道:觀念并非都像看上去一樣,有多少次你做出的第一判斷后面只留給你驚訝,讓你認識到你是如何錯過了絕佳的機會,重要的人物,奇妙的想法?據此可以推測觀念到最后并非都是正確的,是可靠的,正是錯誤的觀念帶來了不好的后果,故 A 選項“可能證明是錯的”正確。B 選項“強大而可靠的”錯誤,“強大的”文中有提及,是正確的,但是并不是“可靠的”。D 選項“對我們是沒有價值的”錯誤,“觀念”最后證明有可能讓我們錯過好的機會,但并不是說所有的觀念最后一定證明是錯的,沒有價值的。

  43.本題選 D

  解析:第一個評論的作者是贊同博主的觀點的,根據“In my mind that is as much a matter of self-confidence as it is a matter of taste in clothing. 我認為:那(“商務便裝”)既與自信相關,也等同程度地與穿衣的品味有關”可知:第一個評論的作者認為穿衣反映個人的自信,越是穿著隨意,越是反映一個人自信,故 D 選項“喬布斯的隨意反映了他的自信”正確。

  44.本題選 D

  解析:第二個評論的第一句“You are wrong about Steve Jobs.”就表明了評論者對于博主的看法是否定的態度,故 C 選項“與這篇博客的博主觀點一樣”錯誤,后面他進一步解釋了個人的觀點:喬布斯確實很在意別人如何看待他以及自己外在極大程度上旨在獲取想要的結果。從他早期正式的商務裝到最后有攻擊性的便裝,他的服裝以及這些服裝的影響非常清晰地印在他的腦海里。由此可見,這個評論的作者認為喬布斯對自己的穿著是非常認真考慮的,故 D 選項正確。A 選項“指出喬布斯是一個十分有進取心的人”并不是評論者想要表達的主要內容;B 選項“表明他和喬布斯過去在同一個俱樂部” 是這個評論沒有談到的。

  45.本題選 B

  解析:根據原文,我們可以知道,當有人問這個哲學家是否感覺自己的穿著不得體時,他環顧了四周,表示自己沒有注意過,文中的“hadn’t noticed”與 B 選項的“was not aware of” 同義替換,故 B 選項正確。

  46.本題選 D

  解析:本題考查短語搭配??崭袼诰湟馑际牵航煌òl展的歷史從步行開始,步行不是一種發明。start with:從…開始。

  47.本題選 B

  解析:本題考查上下文語義??崭袼诰湟馑际牵喝绻阆牒芸斓氐竭_某個地方,唯一的方式就是跑著去。the only way:唯一的辦法。

  48.本題選 A

  解析:本題考查詞義辨析和上下文語義??崭袼诰湟馑际牵簩嶋H上,關于運輸的第一個發明可能是鞋。probably,可能的;luckily,幸運的;really,事實上;formerly:以前;原來;從后一句“幾個世紀以前沒有鞋子,人們只得光著腳走路”可知,A 選項最合題意。

  49.本題選 C

  解析:本題考查詞義辨析和上下文語義??崭袼诰湟馑际牵弘S后人們發明了能夠把人和貨物從一地運輸到另一地的方法。channels,通道;measures,措施;ways,方法;methods,方法;從文章第三段第一句話中 they could invent other ways to travel 可知,選 C 更合意。

  50.本題選 D

  解析:本題考查上下文語義??崭袼诰湟馑际牵涸谝恍┪幕?,人們發明雪橇,雪橇是一種在地面上拖著走的木板??崭袂坝卸禾?,表示后面是非限制性定語從句,而且從句中缺少主語,綜合以上,D 選項的 which 最合題意。

  51.本題選 D

  解析:本題考查詞義辨析和上下文語義??崭袼诰湟馑际牵耗憧梢园沿浳锝壴谘┣辽蟻磉\載,但同時雪橇也是一項有挑戰性的發明,因為一旦撞上石頭,雪橇上面的貨物就會滑落。unless:除非;but:但是;even:甚至;since:因為;綜合選項詞義,D 選項更符合題意。

  52.本題選 B.

  解析:本題考查詞組辨析和上下文語義??崭袼诰湟馑际牵寒斈憷瓌友┣?,它撞上石頭,車上裝載的東西就會滑落。Slip off:滑落。

  53. 本題選 A

  解析:本題考查詞義辨析和上下文語義??崭袼诰湟馑际牵阂坏┤藗儼l明出輪子,他們就能夠發明其他的出行方式。 once:一旦;then:然后;however:然而;yet:但是;綜合選項詞義,A 選項更符合題意。

  54.本題選 C

  解析:本題考查短語搭配??崭袼诰湟馑际牵喝缓笕藗兡軌虬衍嚬潭ㄔ谂;蛘唏R背上,并且還能裝載貨物。Fasten...to:把...固定在...上。

  55.本題選 A

  解析:本題考查上下文語義??崭袼诰湟馑际牵狠喿邮刮覀儞碛薪裉斓囊磺校嚎ㄜ?,汽車甚至船和飛機。此處的 lead to 后缺少賓語,have 后也缺少賓語,A 選項的 what 最合題意。

  56.本題選 B.

  解析:choose only one language 為正確搭配,意思是“只選擇一種語言”,故選 B 項。

  57.本題選 C

  解析:本題可采用排除法來做,A 項 many 和 D 項 ways of 無法與空格后的 any reason not to 構成搭配,B 項上題已選,故選 C 項。

  58.本題選 A

  解析:in many different ways 為正確搭配,意思是“以許多不同方式”,故選 A 項。

  59.本題選 D

  解析:空格前面的 boring 為形容詞,空格后面為 seeing,四個選項中只有 ways of 符合,即 the most boring ways of seeing the world,意為“最為無聊的了解世界的方式”,故選 D 項。

  60.本題選 A

  解析:空格后面為一個完整的句子且空格前面只有主語 I,所以空格處缺少謂語,排除 C 和 D 項,空格后面的意思是“因為這就意味著要放棄了解這個世界的機會”,故此處選擇 A 項“只選擇一種語言”。

  61.本題選 C

  解析:空格前面為一個完整的句子,故 C 項符合句意,整句話的意思是“我不可能只選擇一種語言,因為這意味著要放棄能以多種不同的方式去了解這個世界的機會”。

  62.本題選 D

  解析:空格部分獨立存在,且空格前面的意思是“所以對我來說單一語言的生活方式是最為悲哀的,最為孤獨的”,故 D 項“最為無聊的了解世界的方式”。

  63.本題選 B

  解析:空格部分應填入的是謂語部分,空格前面的意思是 “學習一門語言有如此多的好處”,故選 B 項,意思是“我真的想不出任何不這么做的理由”。

  64.本題選 C

  解析:空格處缺少謂語,且空格前面為 may,故選 C 項。

  65.本題選 B

  解析: have no idea 為正確搭配,意思是“不知道,不清楚”。

  66.本題選 A

  解析:空格前面為 be 動詞 is,三個選項中只有 known 符合, be known as 意思是“被認為是”,故選 A 項。

  67.本題選 A.

  解析:空格部分獨立存在,且空格前面為一個完整的句子,三個選項中只有 A 項符合,整句話的意思是“這種感覺通常不會持續很久,但可能感覺會很漫長”。

  68.本題選 B

  解析:空格部分應填入一個完整的句子,只有 B 項符合,整句話的意思是“起初人們可能完全不知道是哪里出了問題”,故選 B 項。

  69.本題選 C

  解析:空格前面為介詞 of,三個選項中只有 C 項可填入此處,意思是“但這些都可以看作是恐慌癥的征兆”。

  70.本題選 C

  解析:sit at home in the dark 為正確搭配,意思是“黑暗中坐在家里”。

  71.本題選 A

  解析:turn off the light“關上燈”,故選 A 項。

  72.本題選 B

  解析:空格部分缺少的是動詞,故選 B 項,意思是“通過一項保護大海的法令”。

  73.本題選 B

  解析:空格部分缺少的是謂語部分,且空格后面為 and power,所以此處應選 B 項,意思是“‘地球一小時’是指在晚上八點到九點間人們關掉所有非必須電燈和電源的活動”。

  74.本題選 A

  解析:空格部分缺少的也是謂語部分,且動詞應使用原形,故選 A 項,整句話的意思是“然而,你不用只是在黑暗中在家里坐一個小時”。

  75.本題選 C

  解析:空格處也是缺少謂語部分,且根據 and 前面的時態可知為現在完成時,故此處應選 C 項,整句話的意思是“加入 ‘地球一小時’活動中的人們已經在烏干達種下了一片森林,在印度修建了太陽能板,在阿根廷通過了一項保護大海的法令”。

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